SHAFAQNA (Shia International News Association) — Failures of the no-fly List program in the United States have revealed a new level of incompetence, where known criminals are allowed to fly while innocent people are grounded.
In 2003, when the FBI’s Terrorist Screening Center created a list of people who were forbidden from using commercial aircrafts to enter or leave the United States, it was promoted as an important step in ensuring national security, one that followed a national embarrassment. Journalist Erika Trautman noted at the time:
"Prior to the TSC's opening, nine federal agencies kept 12 separate terrorist watch lists that were not always synchronized or shared, a problem that became apparent after Sept. 11, when it came to light that the names of two of the hijackers had been on the CIA's terrorist list. The CIA didn't pass those names to the FBI or immigration officials until after the men had entered the country."
While then US Attorney General John Ashcroft advertised it as a “one-stop shopping” for every federal anti-terrorist screener, objectors to the program warned of very clear foreseeable abuses, like those experienced by the Evansville Eight - eight Egyptian men from Evansville, Indiana who were detained simply because someone had tipped the FBI that they were planning to fly a plane into the Sears Tower in Chicago.
The men were released when it was determined the tip was completely false (and as it later turned out, it had come from the "estranged wife" of one of the eight men).
These days, travel problems result in nightmarish scenarios for many people. Their stories echo each other. Without warning, often when you need to travel back home, you're suddenly informed that are not allowed to use a commercial plane, no reasons are given because it's national security, and the government doesn't want you to know what it knows. This is all done without a trial or due process, just the simple pressing on a keyboard makes one a public enemy.
Naturally, this list favors mostly Muslims, but its dysfunctional growth has entrapped many others, including Senator Ted Kennedy, Robert J. Johnson (surgeon and former Lt. Col. in US Army), journalist Patrick Martin, Princeton University Prof. Walter Murphy, singer Yusuf Islam (formerly Cat Stevens), Nelson Mandela, etc.
Last week, the pleasure belonged to Kevin Iraniha, a 27-year-old lifelong San Diagan with a masters degree in international law.
A month before him, AbduRahman Kariye was in court with 14 other men and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), fighting for their right of return.
Reasons for being on a list were mysterious. The irony was not lost on the Chief Judge Alex Kozinsky, who according to Nigel Duara of Salon website, had an exchange with Josh Waldman, the attorney arguing on behalf of the Justice Department:
“Let’s say you want to fly back to Washington and you find yourself on the no-fly list, you’re sitting in an airport, stranded. You think, ‘my God, I went to law school, I work for (the Justice Department), in my heart I know I did nothing wrong.’ What do you do?”
Waldman, not realizing that the Judge was asking him personally, answered that circumstances differed among people on the list.
Nigel Duara notes that this didn't satisfy Kozinky, and he clarified the question, causing the courtroom in erupt in laughter:
“I mean you, yourself. It’s going to be future denials, you can’t fly to vacations, bar mitzvahs, I think people here are interested.”
The real answer of course, is that one must experience the bureaucratic nightmare of endless redirections and evasive procedures; unless of course, one accepts the FBI's offer to do their bidding.
No Spy, No Fly
Ibrahim Mashal, a 31 year old US Marine Corp veteran, recently told KCRW of his experience:
"I went in, went up to the ticket counter to check in, gave the lady my license and she kind of gave me a strange look and then she went into the back room for about five minutes with my license...When she came back out I turned around and I was surrounded by probably at least 30 TSA and Chicago police and she then informed me I was on the no-fly list ... and that the FBI was on their way to the airport because they would like to speak to me. I kind of expected Ashton Kutcher to jump out and tell me I was being punked."
The FBI came and offered him a deal. If he would go undercover and spy on other Muslims for them, they would take his name off the list. Mashal refused, and ended up writing a book titled "No Spy No Fly".
This is worse than mere opportunism. It's the equivalent of having a stranger throw you off a ship into the deep ocean, then offering you a life preserver if you promise to do them a favor.
Aside from the incredible cruelty of it all, while innocent people face emotional and financial burdens trying to save their reputations, real criminals are given no attention.
When Umar F. AbdulMuttalab, commonly referred to as the “underwear bomber”, was allegedly caught trying to blow up a plane, his name was conveniently left off the no-fly list, despite the fact that over a month earlier, his father had spoken to two different CIA officers at a US Embassy in Nigeria, warning them out of worry that his son was becoming radicalized.
Thankfully, the plot failed and the underwear bomber became the punchline of many jokes. The reaction of officials, however, was interesting (and bewildering). When NBC’s Today show asked Janet Napolitano if the system had failed miserably, she replied
“It did, and that’s why we are asking – how did this individual get on the plane? Why wasn’t the explosive material detected? What do we need to change?”
When Napolitano, the head of Homeland Security, comes off like a confused amateur on national television, asking elementary questions she should already have answer to, it makes one wonder how she landed her job in the first place.
When the national police put someone on a no-fly list because they deem them to be suspicious, it doesn’t mean that they are guilty of anything - in fact, statiscially - they're probably innocent. And when they allow real suspected terrorists to fly despite having full knowledge of their activities, that’s criminal negligence. —www.shafaqna.com